D. Mitzvot in Relation to Your Fellow Human Beings

l. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. (Ex. 20: 13)
     Demonstrate honesty when it would be to your advantage to lie.

2. If she proves to be displeasing to her master, who designated her for himself, he must let her be redeemed; he shall not have the right to sell her to outsiders, since he broke faith with her. (Ex. 21:8)
     Treat with respect someone whose occupation is menial.
     Help someone to become a more religious or self-respecting Jew.

3. When men quarrel and one strikes the other with stone or fist, and he does not die but has to take to his bed – if he then gets up and walks outdoors upon his staff, the assailant shall go unpunished, except that he must pay for his idleness and his cure. (Ex. 21:18-19)
When a man digs a pit or opens a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or an ass falls into its the one responsible for the pit must make restitution: he shall pay the price to the owner, but shall keep the dead animal. (Ex. 21:33-34)
     Make amends to someone you have harmed.

4. When a man gives money or goods to another for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the man ‘s house – if the thief is caught, he shallow double; if the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall depose before God that he has not laid hands on the other ‘s property. In all charges of misappropriation – pertaining to an ox, an ass, a sheep, a garment, or any other loss, whereof one party alleges, ”This is it ” – the case of both parties shall come before God: he whom God declares guilty shallows double to the other. When a man gives to another an ass, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to guard and it dies or is injured or is carried off with no witness abort, an oath before the Lord shall decide between the two of them that the one has both laid hands on the property of the other; the owner must acquiesce, and no restitution need be made. (Ex. 22:6-10)
     Help someone without expecting or accepting any reward or payment.

5. When you encounter your enemy’s ass or ox wandering, you must take it back to him. (Ex. 23:4)
     Make a special effort to be helpful to someone you don’t like.

6. If it is the whole community of Israel that has erred and the matter escapes the notice of the congregation, so that they do any of the things which by the Lord ‘s commandments ought not be done, and they realize their guilt (Lev. 4:13)
     Voluntarily admit doing something wrong and make amends for it.

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